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2016年成人高考高起点英语复习:冠词(2)

2015-12-26摘录:广东成考ManBetX官网苹果信息网关注度:
导读:零冠词 即不用冠词,用于不可数名词,复数可数名词和某些单数可数名词前 (1)专用名词、物质名词、抽象名词、人名、地名等名词前面一般不加冠词 Knowledge is power. We cant live without air. China has a large population. (2)表示头衔、职务的名词作表语

零冠词 即不用冠词,用于不可数名词,复数可数名词和某些单数可数名词前

(1)专用名词、物质名词、抽象名词、人名、地名等名词前面一般不加冠词

Knowledge is power.

We can't live without air.

China has a large population.

(2)表示头衔、职务的名词作表语、同位语、宾语补语、主语补语时不加冠词

Abraham Lincoln was elected president of the United States in 1860.

Wang Ping, monitor of Class Three, won the first prize.

但是,当这些名词作主语时,要加定冠词:

The president of USA will visit America in the near future.

He was elected__/__President for the third time. That was a great victory of his party.

Elizabeth II,__/_Queen of England, declared the conference open.

(3)称呼语前面不加冠词

Where are you going, mum?

Jimmy said that / Uncle hadn't come back and _/__Auntie was out.

The general ordered his men,"Use your knife, young man!"

(4)泛指复数名词前面不加冠词

We're Senior Three students.

——What are they?——They're workers.

(5)by+交通工具/通讯工具

A.——Do you know how he will come here?

——I think he'll come here by bus/train/taxi/ship/plane/bike.

B.I'll tell you by telephone/email.

但是使用其他介词时要注意:

He'll come in her taxi/on her bike/on a bus.

You're wanted on the telephone.(你有电话。)

(6)用在介词at/by后面,表示时间,不加冠词

at daybreak/dawn/dusk/noon/sunrise/sunset/night

B.Most people work by day and rest by night.(大多数人白天工作晚上休息。)

(7)在turn(变成,成为)后面的名词前面不加冠词

His son turned writer at last.=His son became a writer at last.

(8)几个词组

in space/in distance /peace/public by chance/accident/surprise

on foot/duty/earth out of breath/ reach/sight/control

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